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The Dreadful Middle Passage TIMELINE OF THE SLAVE TRADE

At least 120 million Africans were enslaved and transported to Europe and the Americas between the 15th and 19th centuries as part of the Atlantic slave trade. The brutal trade was spurred by a strong demand for labor on plantations in the Americas.

 Eventually, it became an integral part of an international trading system in which Europeans and North Americans exchanged merchandise for human cargo along Africa’s western and west central Atlantic coasts. 1502 First reported African slaves in the New World. 1640-1680 Beginning of large-scale introduction of African slave labor in the British Caribbean for sugar production. 1791 The Haitian Revolution begins with a slave uprising in the French West Indian colony of Santo Domingo. The revolution will eventually lead to the establishment of the black nation of Haiti ten years later. 1793 Waves of white refugees pour into United States ports, fleeing the insurrection in Santo Domingo. 1794 France emancipates all slaves in the French colonies. In the United States, Congress passes legislation prohibiting the manufacture, fitting, equipping, loading or dispatching of any vessel to be employed in the slave trade. 1795 Pinckney’s Treaty, also known as Treaty of San Lorenzo, establishes commercial relations between the United States and Spain. 1800 The United States enacts stiff penalties for American citizens serving voluntarily on slave ships trading between two foreign countries. 1803 Denmark is first to ban the slave trade. 1804 The Republic of Haiti is declared on January 1, 1804 by General Jean-Jacques Dessalines. 1807 Britain, the principal slave-trading nation, bans the Atlantic slave trade. 1807 The United States passes legislation banning slave trade that will take effect the following year. 1810 British negotiate an agreement with Portugal calling for gradual abolition of slave trade in the South Atlantic. 1815 At the Congress of Vienna, the British pressure Spain, Portugal, France and the Netherlands to agree to abolish the slave trade. However, Spain and Portugal are permitted a few years of continued slaving to replenish labor supplies

Chicago USA

Ras James Anderson In Solidarity with PAUL BOGLE FOUNDATION, Commemorating The ANCESTORS. 24th October Commemoration Day. May this FIRE burn away the oppression, may this FIRE burn away the pain . . .

Nigeria, Africa

Nigeria Africa, Come Alive Standing in Solidarity with the 24TH OCTOBER COMMEMORATION DAY for all those who died as a result of slavery and Apartheid. Happy Ancestors.

Jennifer Bennett

Remembering the ancestors with love and respect. #oct24 #trelawny #philly #givethanks #neverforget #nakia #ancestors #paulboglefoundation

Osama Lüü Kalushi - Cape Town, South Africa

Cape Town South Africa, Standing in Solidarity with the 24TH OCTOBER COMMEMORATION DAY, COMMEMORATING THE ANCESTORS; those who died as a result of slavery and APARTHEID.

Liberia, Africa

Liberia: Moe Adams Dual Commemoration, His Wife Off And The ANCESTORS. 24th October Commemoration Day . Strength and Honour, Jah is standing right beside the I, Angels and ANCESTORS . We know you are not Afraid. Jah Army.

Habte Selassie and Ras Osagyefo - New York City, USA

Brooklyn New York City, USA. Bonafide yuh bone nuffi fry, Heartical, the I them nuh Artificial. We were few in numbers but we were there even though the wind was blowing cold yes Brooklyn was standing in solidarity with the Paul Bogle Foundation in Morant Bay Jamaica for their first annual Fire Baptism by Candlelight to remember the lifework of Paul Bogle and the Millions of African Souls who died during slavery.

Ras Osagyefo's Daughter - New York City, USA

Brooklyn New York City, USA. Bonafide yuh bone nuffi fry, Heartical, the I them nuh Artificial. Princess Lioness Standing For A Cause. A Positive Cultured Futuristic Empress. Jah Bless. Brooklyn, New York City. 24th October Commemoration Day.

Sierra Leone, Africa

Brooklyn New York City, USA. Bonafide yuh bone nuffi fry, Heartical, the I them nuh Artificial. Umaru WarChild Kabba and children standing for Justice for our ANCESTORS. Fire Baptism. Sierra Leone, Africa . 24th October , Commemoration Day.

Jameela Jahmeela's Photo

Brooklyn New York City, USA. Bonafide yuh bone nuffi fry, Heartical, the I them nuh Artificial. Empress Of Valor, Empress Of Cosmic Knowledge, Jameela Jahmeela . 24th October, Commemoration Day, Commemorating The ANCESTORS who died because of Slavery and Apartheid.Jameela Jahmeela Love Your Candle. . . More Fire them feel dah one yah. Hot : The ANCESTORS smile.

Ras Tau - California, USA

Brooklyn New York City, USA. Bonafide yuh bone nuffi fry, Heartical, the I them nuh Artificial. Jah Ras Tafari Warrior, Ras Tau, Commemorating the 24th October for the ANCESTORS. Remembrance etched deep, bless up the ANCESTORS and light the Candle .

Ras Mabandla - United African

Brooklyn New York City, USA. Bonafide yuh bone nuffi fry, Heartical, the I them nuh Artificial. Jah Ras Tafari Warrior, Ras Mabandla, Giving Respect To Our ANCESTORS, 24th October Annual Commemoration Day . Respect King . . . Nuff Honour.
Paul Bogle Foundation